PeaceThe Glossary



The GlossaryThis glossary is mainly in Malay i.e. Bahasa Malaysia. However, many food ingredients or terms are better known in local Chinese or Indian dialects. This is because of Malaysia's multi-ethnic population, and its culturally diverse cuisine and cooking styles. Certain ingredients are used exclusively, or more frequently in different ethnic kitchens, while some foods may be forbidden due to religious beliefs. Wherever possible, spelling variations, similar names in English, or in other countries nearby and afar, shall also be included in the glossary.


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Sek [Chinese], Saapedek [Tamil]

Eat, To eat. It often refers to Food or Meal.

Makan Buka Puasa : Breakfast, as in 'breaking fast during the religious fasting period.
Makan Pagi : Breakfast,
Makan Malam : Dinner.
Makan Tengah Hari : Lunch.
Makanan : Food, Meal.



Moong Khor [Chinese], Mam Palam [Tamil]

Mango. Raw mangoes are often used in cooking to give a citric or sourish taste to a dish.



San Cheok [Chinese], Manggis [Tamil], Mangostan

Mangosteen. Not commonly found outside of South east Asia, this fruit has a dark purple leather like skin. The milky white fruit inside taste sweet and a little sour too.

Lada Burung : Bird Chili, Thai Bird Chili, also called Cili Padi [Malay]. Lat Chew Chai [Chinese], Usi Milahai [Tamil].




Cook, To cook, Cooked. It can also refer to Ripe, in reference to e.g. fruits.

Masakan : Cooking, Food.



Chow Mein [Chinese], Yellow Noodles

A soft yellow noodle made from flour and eggs. It is supposed to be made in a continuous strip. Mee is used in most Hawker [Street Vendor] dishes such as Penang Hokkien mee. It may be substituted with instant mee which is now popular and easily available on the market, though the instant mee is much thinner and not as wholesome in flavor and texture.

The term Mee can also refers to all types of noodles. or noodles in general.


Mee Sua

Mee Suah [spelling]

This thin, delicate noodle is made from rice flour, and is usually sold dried in boxes. It takes no time to cook, and is generally served in a soup. Representing 'long life', it is customary to serve a person Mee Sua soup on his or her birthday in Nyonya homes.



also called Tembikai, Semangka [Malay], Team Kwa [Chinese], Tharapusini [Tamil], Mangostan

Water Melon.




Raw, Uncooked. It can also refer to Fresh.




To drink.

Minuman : A drink.



Oil, Fat or Lard.

Minyak Biau : Sesame Oil, Gingelly. Ma Yeow [Chinese], Nallennai [Tamil].
Minyak Bunga Matahari : Sunflower Oil.
Minyak Jagung : Corn Oil.
Minyak Kacang Soya : Soy Bean Oil.
Minyak Kelapa : Coconut Oil.
Minyak Kelapa Sawit
: Palm Oil.
Minyak Masak : Cooking Oil.
Minyak Sapi : Ghee, Clarified Butter.
Minyak Biau : Sesame Oil, Gingelly. Ma Yeow [Chinese], Nallennai [Tamil].



also called Chok, Congee [Chinese], Bubur Nasi, Kanji [Malay]

Chinese for Rice Porridge. It is made by boiling a small amount of raw rice with a substantial amount of water. Leftover cooked rice can also be used. There are 2 types - one in which the rice grains are still visible, and the other, a thin white creamy porridge. The rice porridge may be served with a variety of savory side dishes, Teochew style. It can be used as a base for chicken, pork, fish or other types of porridge.


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